Toyota Tacoma manuals

Toyota Tacoma 2015-2018 Service Manual: On-vehicle Inspection

ON-VEHICLE INSPECTION

PROCEDURE

1. INSPECT ENGINE COOLANT

(See page 2. INSPECT ENGINE OIL )

2. INSPECT ENGINE OIL

(See page 3. INSPECT BATTERY )

3. INSPECT BATTERY

(See page 4. INSPECT SPARK PLUG )

4. INSPECT SPARK PLUG

(See page 5. INSPECT AIR CLEANER FILTER ELEMENT SUB-ASSEMBLY )

5. INSPECT AIR CLEANER FILTER ELEMENT SUB-ASSEMBLY

(a) Remove the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly.

(b) Visually check that there is no dirt, blockage, and/or damage to the air cleaner filter element.

HINT:

  • If there is any dirt or a blockage in the air cleaner filter element, clean it with compressed air.
  • If any dirt or a blockage remains even after cleaning the air cleaner filter element with compressed air, replace it.

6. INSPECT V-RIBBED BELT TENSIONER ASSEMBLY

(a) Remove the fan and generator V belt (See page (b) Check that nothing is caught in the tensioner by turning it clockwise and ).

(b) Check that nothing is caught in the tensioner by turning it clockwise and counterclockwise.

If a malfunction exists, replace the V-ribbed belt tensioner.

(c) Install the fan and generator V belt (See page 7. INSPECT VALVE LASH ADJUSTER NOISE ).

7. INSPECT VALVE LASH ADJUSTER NOISE

(a) Rev up the engine several times. Check that the engine does not emit unusual noises.

If unusual noises occur, warm up the engine and idle it for over 30 minutes. Then perform the inspection above again.

If any defects or problems are found during the inspection above, perform a lash adjuster inspection.

8. INSPECT IGNITION TIMING

(a) Warm up the engine and stop the engine.

NOTICE:

A warmed up engine should have an engine coolant temperature of over 85°C (185°F), and an engine oil temperature of 60°C (140°F), and the engine speed should be stabilized.

(b) When using the Techstream:

(1) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(2) Start the engine and idle it.

(3) Turn the Techstream on.

(4) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Ignition Timing Cylinder #1.

Standard Ignition Timing:

Transmission

Ignition Timing

Manual Transmission

7 to 24° BTDC at idle

Automatic Transmission

7 to 24° BTDC at idle

NOTICE:

When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

HINT:

Refer to the Techstream operator's manual for further details.

(5) Check that the ignition timing advances immediately when the engine speed is increased.

(6) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Activate the TC Terminal.

(7) Monitor Ignition Timing Cylinder #1.

(8) Perform the Active Test.

Standard Ignition Timing:

Transmission

Ignition Timing

Manual Transmission

8 to 12° BTDC at idle

Automatic Transmission

8 to 12° BTDC at idle

NOTICE:

When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

HINT:

Refer to the Techstream operator's manual for further details.

(c) When not using the Techstream:

(1) Remove the V-bank cover sub-assembly.

(2) Connect the tester probe of a timing light to the wire of the ignition connector for No. 1 cylinder.

NOTICE:

Use a timing light which can detect the primary signal.

(3) Using SST, connect terminals 13 (TC) and 4 (CG) of the DLC3.

Text in Illustration

*a

Front View of DLC3

SST: 09843-18040

NOTICE:

  • Confirm the terminal numbers before connecting them. Connecting the wrong terminals can damage the engine.
  • When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

(4) Using a timing light, check the ignition timing.

Standard Ignition Timing:

Transmission

Ignition Timing

Manual Transmission

8 to 12° BTDC at idle

Automatic Transmission

8 to 12° BTDC at idle

(5) Remove SST from the DLC3.

(6) Check the ignition timing.

Standard Ignition Timing:

Transmission

Ignition Timing

Manual Transmission

7 to 24° BTDC at idle

Automatic Transmission

7 to 24° BTDC at idle

(7) Check that the ignition timing advances immediately when the engine speed is increased.

(8) Disconnect the timing light from the engine.

(9) Install the V-bank cover sub-assembly.

9. INSPECT ENGINE IDLE SPEED

(a) Warm up and stop the engine.

NOTICE:

A warmed up engine should have an engine coolant temperature of over 85°C (185°F) and an engine oil temperature of 60°C (140°F), and the engine speed should be stabilized.

(b) When using the Techstream:

(1) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

NOTICE:

Switch off all accessories and A/C before connecting the Techstream.

(2) Race the engine at 2500 rpm for approx. 90 seconds.

(3) Turn the Techstream on.

(4) Enter the following menus: powertrain / Engine / Data list / Engine Speed.

Standard Idle Speed:

Transmission

Idling Speed

Manual Transmission

500 to 600 rpm

Automatic Transmission

550 to 650 rpm

NOTICE:

When checking the idle speed, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

HINT:

Refer to the Techstream operator's manual for further details.

If the idle speed is not as specified, check the air intake system.

(5) Disconnect the Techstream from the DLC3.

(c) When not using the Techstream:

(1) Using SST, connect the tachometer probe to terminal 9 (TAC) of the DLC3.

Text in Illustration

*a

Front View of DLC3

SST: 09843-18040

NOTICE:

Confirm the terminal numbers before connecting them. Connecting the wrong terminals can damage the engine.

(2) Race the engine at 2500 rpm for approx. 90 seconds.

(3) Check the idle speed.

Standard Idle Speed:

Transmission

Idling Speed

Manual Transmission

500 to 600 rpm

Automatic Transmission

550 to 650 rpm

NOTICE:

When checking the idle speed, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

If the speed is not as specified, check the air intake system.

(4) Disconnect the tachometer from the DLC3.

(d) Clear the DTCs (See page NOTICE: ).

NOTICE:

After the inspection, clear the DTCs, check for DTCs again and make sure the normal system code is output.

10. INSPECT COMPRESSION

(a) Warm up and stop the engine.

NOTICE:

A warmed up engine should have an engine coolant temperature of over 85°C (185°F) and an engine oil temperature of 60°C (140°F), and the engine speed should be stabilized.

(b) Remove the intake air surge tank (See page (c) Remove the 6 spark plugs (See page  ). (c) Remove the 6 spark plugs (See page  ). ).

(c) Remove the 6 spark plugs (See page (d) Remove the engine room relay block cover. ).

(d) Remove the engine room relay block cover.

(e) Remove the EFI-MAIN No. 2 relay from the engine room relay block.

(f) Insert a compression gauge into the spark plug hole.

(g) Fully open the throttle.

(h) While cranking the engine, measure the compression pressure.

Standard compression pressure:

1400 kPa (14.3 kgf/cm2, 199 psi) or higher

Minimum pressure:

980 kPa (10.0 kgf/cm2, 142 psi)

NOTICE:

The measurement must be done as quickly as possible.

HINT:

Always use a fully charged battery to obtain an engine speed of 250 rpm or more.

(i) Perform the inspection above for each cylinder.

Difference between each cylinder:

100 kPa (1.0 kgf/cm2, 15 psi) or less

(j) If the cylinder compression in one or more cylinders is low, pour a small amount of engine oil into the cylinder through the spark plug hole. Then perform the first 3 steps under "inspect the cylinder compression pressure" for the cylinders with low compression.

HINT:

  • If adding oil helps boost the compression, it is likely that the piston rings and/or cylinder bore is worn or damaged.
  • If pressure stays low, a valve may be stuck or seated improperly, or there may be leakage in the gasket.

(k) Install the EFI-MAIN No. 2 relay to the engine room relay block.

(l) Install the engine room relay block cover.

(m) Install the 6 spark plugs (See page (n) Install the intake air surge tank (See page ).

(n) Install the intake air surge tank (See page 11. INSPECT CO/HC 11. INSPECT CO/HC ).

11. INSPECT CO/HC

HINT:

This is a check for determining whether or not the idle CO / HC complies with regulations.

(a) Start the engine.

(b) Keep the engine speed at 2500 rpm for approx. 180 seconds.

(c) Insert the CO / HC meter testing probe at least 40 cm (1.31 ft.) into the tailpipe during idling.

(d) Immediately check the CO / HC concentration at idle and/or 2500 rpm.

HINT:

  • When performing the 2 mode (2500 rpm and idle) test, follow the measurement order prescribed by the applicable local regulations.
  • If the CO / HC concentration does not comply with regulations, troubleshoot in the order given below.

(1) Check the DTCs (See page (2) See the table below for possible causes, then inspect and correct the applicable ).

(2) See the table below for possible causes, then inspect and correct the applicable causes if necessary.

CO

HC

Symptom

Causes

Normal

High

Rough idle

  • 1. Faulty ignitions
  • Incorrect timing
  • Fouled, shorted or improperly gapped plugs
  • 2. Incorrect valve clearance (valve lash adjuster assembly)
  • 3. Leaky intake and exhaust valves
  • 4. Leaky cylinder

Low

High

Rough idle

(Fluctuating HC reading)

  • 1. Vacuum leaks
  • PCV hose
  • Intake manifold
  • Throttle body with motor assembly
  • 2. Lean mixture causing misfire

High

High

Rough idle

(Black smoke from exhaust)

  • 1. Restricted air cleaner filter
  • 2. Faulty fuel SFI system
  • Faulty fuel pressure
  • Defective engine coolant temperature sensor
  • Faulty ECM
  • Faulty fuel injector assembly
  • Faulty throttle position sensor (built into throttle body with motor assembly)
  • Faulty mass air flow meter
Engine
...

Engine Unit
...

Other materials:

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Problem Symptoms Table
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