Toyota Tacoma manuals

Toyota Tacoma 2015-2018 Service Manual: Diagnosis System

DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM

1. DESCRIPTION

(a) When troubleshooting OBD II (On-Board Diagnostics) vehicles, an OBD II scan tool (complying with SAE J1978) must be connected to the DLC3 (Data Link Connector 3) of the vehicle. Various data in the vehicle ECM (Engine Control Module) can be then read.

(b) OBD II regulations require that the vehicle on-board computer illuminate the MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) on the instrument panel when the computer detects a malfunction in:

(1) The emission control system components.

(1) The emission control system components.

(2) The powertrain control components (which affect vehicle emissions).

(3) The computer itself.

In addition, the applicable DTCs prescribed by SAE J2012 are recorded in the ECM memory. If the malfunction does not recur in 3 consecutive trips, the MIL turns off automatically but the DTCs remain recorded in the ECM memory.

(c) To check for DTCs, connect the Techstream to the DLC3. The Techstream displays DTCs, freeze frame data, and a variety of the engine data. The DTCs and freeze frame data can be cleared with the Techstream. In order to enhance OBD function on vehicles and develop the off-board diagnosis system, Controller Area Network (CAN) communication is used in this system. CAN is a network which uses a pair of data transmission lines spanning multiple computers and sensors. It allows for high speed communications between the systems and simplification of the wire harness connections (See page 2. NORMAL MODE AND CHECK MODE ).

2. NORMAL MODE AND CHECK MODE

(a) The diagnosis system operates in normal mode during normal vehicle use. In normal mode, 2 trip detection logic is used to ensure accurate detection of malfunctions. Check mode is also available as an option for technicians. In check mode, 1 trip detection logic is used for duplicating malfunction symptoms and increasing the system's ability to detect malfunctions, including intermittent problems (the Techstream only).

3. 2 TRIP DETECTION LOGIC

(a) When a malfunction is first detected, the malfunction is temporarily stored in the ECM memory (1st trip). If the same malfunction is detected during the subsequent driving cycle, the MIL is illuminated (2nd trip).

4. FREEZE FRAME DATA

(a) The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can be helpful in determining whether the vehicle was running or stopped, whether the engine was warmed up or not, whether the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, as well as other data recorded at the time of a malfunction.

(b) The Techstream records freeze frame data in 5 different instances: 1) 3 times before the DTC is stored, 2) once when the DTC is stored, and 3) once after the DTC is stored. These sets of data can be used to simulate the vehicle condition around the time when the malfunction occurred. The data may help in finding the cause of the malfunction, or in judging if the DTC was caused by a temporary malfunction.

5. DLC3 (Data Link Connector 3)

5. DLC3 (Data Link Connector 3)

(a) Check the DLC3 (See page 6. BATTERY VOLTAGE ).

6. BATTERY VOLTAGE

Standard Voltage:

11 to 14 V

  • If the voltage is below 11 V, recharge or replace the battery before proceeding to the next step.

7. MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp)

(a) The MIL illuminates when the turning the ignition switch to ON (the engine is not running).

(b) The MIL should turn off when the engine is started. If the MIL remains illuminated, the diagnosis system has detected a malfunction or abnormality in the system.

HINT:

If the MIL does not illuminate when the turning the ignition switch to ON, check the MIL circuit (See page Dtc Check / Clear ).

Check Mode Procedure
CHECK MODE PROCEDURE 1. DESCRIPTION (a) Check mode has a higher sensitivity to malfunctions and can detect malfunctions that normal mode cannot detect. Check mode can also detect all the malfuncti ...

Dtc Check / Clear
DTC CHECK / CLEAR NOTICE: When the diagnosis system is changed from normal mode to check mode or vice versa, all DTCs and freeze frame data recorded in normal mode are cleared. Before changing m ...

Other materials:

System Voltage Circuit Short to Ground or Open (P056014)
DESCRIPTION The battery supplies power to the ECM even when the ignition switch is off. This power allows the ECM to store data such as DTC history, freeze frame data and fuel trim values. If the battery voltage falls below a minimum level, the ECM data is cleared and the ECM determines that ...

Precaution
PRECAUTION 1. PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING TECHSTREAM (a) When using the Techstream with the engine switch off to troubleshoot: Connect the Techstream to the DLC3, and turn a courtesy light switch on and off at 1.5 second or less intervals until communication between the Techstream and vehicle begin ...

Data List / Active Test
DATA LIST / ACTIVE TEST 1. DATA LIST HINT: Using the Techstream to read the Data List allows the values or states of switches, sensors, actuators and other items to be read without removing any parts. This non-intrusive inspection can be very useful because intermittent conditions or signals ...

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