Toyota Tacoma manuals

Toyota Tacoma 2015-2018 Service Manual: Pressure Control Solenoid "G" Performance (Shift Solenoid Valve SL4) (P2808)

Toyota Tacoma 2015-2018 Service Manual / Ac60e Automatic Transmission / Transaxle / Automatic Transmission System(for 2tr-fe) / Pressure Control Solenoid "G" Performance (Shift Solenoid Valve SL4) (P2808)

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

The ECM uses the vehicle speed signal and signals from the transmission revolution sensors (NT, SP2) to detect the actual gear (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear).

The ECM compares the actual gear with the shift schedule in the ECM memory to detect mechanical problems of the shift solenoid valves, transmission valve body assembly or automatic transmission assembly (clutch, brake or gear etc.).

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P2808

Either condition is met (2 trip detection logic):

  • The engine revs freely when a shift to 3rd or 5th gear is commanded.
  • The condition that 4th gear is engaged when a shift to 4th gear is commanded occurs twice, and one of the following conditions is met:
    • When a shift to 1st gear is commanded, 3rd gear is engaged.
    • When a shift to 2nd gear is commanded, 3rd gear is engaged.
    • When a shift to 6th gear is commanded, 5th gear is engaged.
  • Shift solenoid valve SL4 remains open or closed
  • Transmission valve body assembly is blocked
  • Automatic transmission assembly (clutch, brake or gear etc.)

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM commands gear shifts by turning the shift solenoid valves on and off. According to the input turbine speed and output shaft speed, the ECM detects the actual gear (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear). When the gear commanded by the ECM and the actual gear are not the same, the ECM illuminates the MIL and stores the DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P2808:

Shift solenoid valve SL4/OFF malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL4/ON malfunction

Required sensors/Components

Shift solenoid valve SL4, Transmission revolution sensor (NT), Transmission revolution sensor (SP2), Crankshaft position sensor (NE)

Frequency of operation

Continuous

Duration

OFF malfunction (A) and (B): 0.5 sec.

OFF malfunction (C): 0.8 sec.

ON malfunction: 0.8 sec.

MIL operation

2 driving cycles

Sequence of operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

All:

The monitor will run whenever the following DTCs are not stored

P0712, P0713 (TFT (ATF temperature) sensor circuit

P0115, P0117, P0118 (ECT (Engine coolant temperature) sensor circuit)

P0717, P07BF, P07C0 (Turbine speed sensor circuit)

P0722, P077C, P077D (Output sensor circuit)

P0335 (Crankshaft position sensor circuit (This condition applies only if using fail-safe))

P0748 (Shift solenoid valve SL1 circuit)

P0778 (Shift solenoid valve SL2 circuit)

P0798 (Shift solenoid valve SL3 circuit)

P2810 (Shift solenoid valve SL4 circuit)

P0327, P0328, P0332, P0333 (KCS (Knock control sensor) circuit)

P0120, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223, P0604, P0606, P060A, P060B, P060D, P060E, P0657, P1607, P2102, P2103, P2111, P2112, P2118, P2119, P2135 (ETCS (Electronic throttle control system))

U0100 (CAN communication system)

TFT (ATF temperature) sensor circuit

Not circuit malfunction

ECT (Engine coolant temperature) sensor circuit

Not circuit malfunction

Turbine speed sensor circuit

Not circuit malfunction

Output speed sensor circuit

Not circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL1 circuit

Not circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL2 circuit

Not circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL3 circuit

Not circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL4 circuit

Not circuit malfunction

KCS (Knock control sensor) circuit

Not circuit malfunction

ETCS (Electronic throttle control system)

Not system down

CAN communication system

Not system down

Transmission range

"D"

Duration time from shifting "N" to "D"

4 sec. or more

TFT (ATF temperature)

-10°C (14°F) or higher

Engine

Running

OFF malfunction (A):

ECM select gear

3rd

ECM indicated pressure value of SL1

1600 kPa (16.3 kgf/cm2, 232 psi)

ECM indicated pressure value of SL2

0.1 kPa (0 kgf/cm2, 0 psi)

ECM indicated pressure value of SL4

1600 kPa (12.2 kgf/cm2, 174 psi)

Throttle valve opening angle

3% or more

OFF malfunction (B):

ECM select gear

5th

ECM indicated pressure value of SL1

0.1 kPa (0 kgf/cm2, 0 psi)

ECM indicated pressure value of SL2

1600 kPa (16.3 kgf/cm2, 232 psi)

ECM indicated pressure value of SL4

1600 kPa (16.3 kgf/cm2, 232 psi)

Throttle valve opening angle

3% or more

OFF malfunction (C):

ECM select gear

3rd

Vehicle speed

2 km/h (1.2 mph) or more

Throttle valve opening angle

11.7% or more at engine speed of 3000 rpm

(Condition varies with engine speed)

ECT (Engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or higher

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 1st gear

3.3500 to 7.3000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 2nd gear

1.9500 to 2.4000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 3rd gear

1.3000 to 1.6500

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 4th gear

0.9000 to 1.1000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 5th gear

0.6376 to 0.7376

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 6th gear

0.5306 to 0.6306

ON malfunction (A):

ECM select gear

1st

Time after transition to 1st gear

0.1 sec. or more

Vehicle speed

2 km/h (1.2 mph) to 40 km/h (24.9 mph)

Engine speed - Turbine speed

50 rpm or more

ECT (Engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or higher

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 1st gear

3.3500 to 7.3000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 2nd gear

1.9500 to 2.4000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 3rd gear

1.3000 to 1.6500

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 4th gear

0.9000 to 1.1000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 5th gear

0.6376 to 0.7376

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 6th gear

0.5306 to 0.6306

ON malfunction (B):

ECM select gear

2nd

Time after transition to 2nd gear

0.1 sec. or more

Vehicle speed

2 km/h (1.2 mph) or more

Throttle valve opening angle

11.7% or more at engine speed 3000 rpm

(Condition varies with engine speed)

ECT (Engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or higher

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 1st gear

3.3500 to 7.3000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 2nd gear

1.9500 to 2.4000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 3rd gear

1.3000 to 1.6500

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 4th gear

0.9000 to 1.1000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 5th gear

0.6376 to 0.7376

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 6th gear

0.5306 to 0.6306

ON malfunction (C):

ECM select gear

6th

Time after transition to 6th gear

0.1 sec. or more

Vehicle speed

2 km/h (1.2 mph) or more

Throttle valve opening angle

11.7% or more at engine speed 3000 rpm

(Condition varies with engine speed)

ECT (Engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or higher

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 1st gear

3.3500 to 7.3000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 2nd gear

1.9500 to 2.4000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 3rd gear

1.3000 to 1.6500

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 4th gear

0.9000 to 1.1000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 5th gear

0.6376 to 0.7376

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 6th gear

0.5306 to 0.6306

ON malfunction (D):

ECM select gear

4th

Time after transition to 4th gear

0.1 sec. or more

Vehicle speed

2 km/h (1.2 mph) or more

Throttle valve opening angle

11.7% or more at engine speed 3000 rpm

(Condition varies with engine speed)

ECT (Engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or higher

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 1st gear

3.3500 to 7.3000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 2nd gear

1.9500 to 2.4000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 3rd gear

1.3000 to 1.6500

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 4th gear

0.9000 to 1.1000

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 5th gear

0.6376 to 0.7376

Turbine speed / Output speed (NT / NO) in 6th gear

0.5306 to 0.6306

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

  • [OFF malfunction]
    • One of the following conditions is met: OFF malfunction (A), (B) or (C)
OFF malfunction (A):

Turbine speed - Output speed x 3rd gear ratio

1000 rpm or more

OFF malfunction (B):

Turbine speed - Output speed x 5th gear ratio

1000 rpm or more

OFF malfunction (C):

Turbine speed / Output speed when output speed less than 1000 rpm

3.3500 to 7.3000

  • [ON malfunction]
    • One of the following conditions are met: ON malfunction (A), (B) or (C) and ON malfunction (D) 2 detections are necessary per driving cycle:
    • 1st detection: temporary flag ON
    • 2nd detection: pending fault code ON
ON malfunction (A) and (B):

Turbine speed / Output speed when output speed less than 1000 rpm

1.3000 to 1.6500

ON malfunction (C):

Turbine speed / Output speed when output speed less than 1000 rpm

0.6376 to 0.7376

ON malfunction (D):

Turbine speed / Output speed when output speed less than 1000 rpm

0.9000 to 1.1000

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • Perform the universal trip to clear permanent DTCs (See page Perform registration and/or initialization when parts related to the ).
  • Perform registration and/or initialization when parts related to the automatic transmission are replaced (See page ).

HINT:

After the repair, clear the DTCs and perform the following procedure to check that DTCs are not output.

  1. Perform the D Position Shift Test in Road Test (See page Turn the ignition switch off. ).*1
  2. Turn the ignition switch off.
  3. Perform step (*1) again.
  4. Check for DTCs again (See page ).

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P2808)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes.

(e) Read the DTCs using the Techstream.

Result

Result

Proceed to

Only DTC P2808 is output

A

P2808 and other DTCs are output

B

HINT:

If a solenoid is stuck off, DTCs for several solenoids including the malfunctioning solenoid will be detected.

A

GO TO STEP 3

B

2.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM (CONTROL THE SHIFT POSITION)

NOTICE:

This test should always be performed with at least 2 people.

(a) Warm up the engine.

(b) Turn the ignition switch off.

(c) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(d) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(e) Turn the Techstream on.

(f) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test.

(g) According to the display on the Techstream, perform the Active Test.

HINT:

Comparing the gear commanded by the Active Test with the actual gear enables confirmation of the problem (See page Engine and ECT ).

Engine and ECT

Tester Display

Test Part

Control Range

Diagnostic Note

Control the Shift Position

Operates the shift solenoid valves to allow gears to be selected manually.

  • Press "→" button: Up-shift occurs
  • Press "←" button: Down-shift occurs

Can be used to check the operation of the shift solenoid valves.

Up-shifts and down-shifts should be performed consecutively. A 10 second interval is required between gear changes.

Do not down-shift at high speeds. Doing so will damage the automatic transmission.

[Vehicle Condition]

  • 50 km/h (31 mph) or less

HINT:

  • This test can be conducted when the vehicle speed is 50 km/h (31 mph) or less.
  • The 4th to 5th and 5th to 6th up-shift must be performed with the accelerator pedal released.
  • The 6th to 5th and 5th to 4th down-shift must be performed with the accelerator pedal released.
  • Do not operate the accelerator pedal for at least 2 seconds after shifting and do not shift successively.
  • The gear commanded by the ECM is shown in the Data List / Shift Status display on the Techstream.

(h) Compare the ECM commanded gear and the actual gear.

Result

Actual Gear during Malfunction

ECM Commanded Gear

Proceed to

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

Shift solenoid valve SL1

Stuck ON

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

4th

4th

A

Stuck OFF

N*1

N*1

N*1

N*1

5th

6th

Shift solenoid valve SL2

Stuck ON

4th

4th

4th

4th

5th

6th

B

Stuck OFF

1st

2nd

3rd

1st

N*1

N*1

Shift solenoid valve SL3

Stuck ON

2nd

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

C

Stuck OFF

1st

1st

3rd

4th

5th

N*1

Shift solenoid valve SL4

Stuck ON

3rd

3rd

3rd

4th

5th

5th

D

Stuck OFF

1st

2nd

1st

4th

N*1

6th

Shift solenoid valve SLT

Stuck ON

N*2

N*2

N*2

N*2

N*2

N*2

E

Stuck OFF*3

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

HINT:

  • *1: Neutral
  • *2: If shift solenoid valve SLT is stuck on, the line pressure will be low. Therefore, the amount of torque that can be transmitted by each gear is lower than the normal limit. When the engine power exceeds this lowered limit, the engine speed will increase freely.
  • *3: When shift solenoid valve SLT is stuck off, gear shifting is normal.
A

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL1 PERFORMANCE DTC P0746)

B

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL2 PERFORMANCE DTC P0776)

C

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL3 PERFORMANCE DTC P0796)

E

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SLT PERFORMANCE DTC P2714)

D

3.

INSPECT SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL4

(a) Remove shift solenoid valve SL4 (See page ).

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

1 - 2

20°C (68°F)

5.0 to 5.6 Ω

(c) Apply 12 V battery voltage to the shift solenoid valve and check that the valve moves and makes an operating noise.

OK:

Measurement Condition

Specified Condition

  • Battery positive (+) with a 21 W bulb → Terminal 1
  • Battery negative (-) → Terminal 2

Valve moves and makes an operating noise

Text in Illustration

*1

Shift Solenoid Valve SL4

NG

REPLACE SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL4

OK

4.

INSPECT TRANSMISSION VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY

(a) Check the transmission valve body assembly (See page OK: ).

OK:

There is no foreign matter on each valve and they operate smoothly.

OK

REPAIR OR REPLACE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION ASSEMBLY

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE TRANSMISSION VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY

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